ECG332. Dioskourias-Sebastopolis. Dedication of a clay lamp to Hermes-Mercurius, 2nd-4th cent. A.D. (SEG 18 573)

Material: Clay

Object type: Lamp

Decoration:

Text: w 8 x h 6,5 cm

Letters:

Date: წარწერის ენობრივი და პალეოგრაფიული თავისებურებებიდან გამომდინარე წარწერა II-III სს-ში AD უნდა იყოს შესრულებული. (lettering)

Findspot: Sokhumi found in 1954 with three other lamps in a ruined ancient tower east of the Sukhumi railway station during the excavations of M.M. Trapsh.

Original location: Sokhumi

Current repository: Unknown

Last recorded location(s): Sokhumi State Museum 72-153

Summary:

Editor(s): Tinatin Kaukhchishvili

Publication details: Ilia State University, Institute of Linguistic Studies; დოკუმენტი ვრცელდება Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 ლიცენზიით.

Interpretive

περαθεὶς
προσκύνει
κῦριν Ἑρμῆν
Μαρκῦριν
5 ὑπὲρ σωτη-
ρίας

Diplomatic

ΠΕΡΑΘΕΙΣ
ΠΡΟΣΚΥΝΕΙ
ΚΥΡΙΝΕΡΜΗΝ
ΜΑΡΚΥΡΙΝ
5ΥΠΕΡΣΩΤΗ
ΡΙΑΣ

Translation

Commentary

a unique combination of the Greek and Latin name for the god, J. Μαρκῦριν: the only example of such a transliteration of Latin Mercurius, K. (1958); for Μερκούριος in Greek inscriptions of the imperial period, cf. CIG II 3705 LL. 4/5 (Apollonia ad Rhyndacum); the spelling is perhaps influenced by μάρτυρος in early Christian texts, J. [hardly plausible; in CIG II 3705, Μερκούριος is a personal name of a new Roman citizen, presumably a Latin translation of his earlier Greek name: Γάϊος Ἰούλιος Ἑρμᾶς ὁ | καὶ Μερκούριος; the anthroponym Μερκούριος is well-attested in Greek inscriptions, but our text is one of the few attesting its use for the god himself, Kantor; see SEG 59 1659 for Ἑρμῆς/Μερκούριος in the Lebanon, Tybout]. Chaniotis, A., T. Corsten, N. Papazarkadas, and R.A. Tybout, eds. 2013. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum. 59-1624. Leiden – Boston. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1874-6772_seg_a59_1624.

Bibliography:

თინათინ ყაუხჩიშვილი, საქართველოს ბერძნული წარწერების კორპუსიbibliography.xmlb130, 77-78

Images

   Fig. 1. Clay lamp, Sukhumi, 1954